par.pl - Make and run Perl Archives
(Please see pp for convenient ways to make self-contained executables, scripts or PAR archives from perl programs.)
To use Hello.pm from ./foo.par:
% par.pl -A./foo.par -MHello % par.pl -A./foo -MHello # the .par part is optional
Same thing, but search foo.par in the @INC;
% par.pl -Ifoo.par -MHello % par.pl -Ifoo -MHello # ditto
Run test.pl or script/test.pl from foo.par:
% par.pl foo.par test.pl # looks for 'main.pl' by default, # otherwise run 'test.pl'
To make a self-containing script containing a PAR file :
% par.pl -O./foo.pl foo.par % ./foo.pl test.pl # same as above
To embed the necessary non-core modules and shared objects for PAR's
Cwd, etc), use the -b flag:
% par.pl -b -O./foo.pl foo.par % ./foo.pl test.pl # runs anywhere with core modules installed
If you also wish to embed core modules along, use the -B flag instead:
% par.pl -B -O./foo.pl foo.par % ./foo.pl test.pl # runs anywhere with the perl interpreter
This is particularly useful when making stand-alone binary executables; see pp for details.
This stand-alone command offers roughly the same feature as
-MPAR, except that it takes the pre-loaded .par files via
-Afoo.par instead of
If you have a C compiler, or a pre-built binary package of PAR is available for your platform, a binary version of par.pl will also be automatically installed as parl. You can use it to run .par files:
# runs script/run.pl in archive, uses its lib/* as libraries % parl myapp.par run.pl # runs run.pl or script/run.pl in myapp.par % parl otherapp.pl # also runs normal perl scripts
However, if the .par archive contains either main.pl or script/main.pl, it is used instead:
% parl myapp.par run.pl # runs main.pl, with 'run.pl' as @ARGV
-O option makes a stand-alone binary executable from a
% parl -B -Omyapp myapp.par % ./myapp # run it anywhere without perl binaries
--par-options flag, generated binaries can act as
to pack new binaries:
% ./myapp --par-options -Omyap2 myapp.par # identical to ./myapp % ./myapp --par-options -Omyap3 myap3.par # now with different PAR
The format for the stand-alone executable is simply concatenating the following elements:
These are typically used for bootstrapping PAR's various XS dependencies. Each section contains:
pack('N')format plus 9
PAR, parl, pp
Autrijus Tang <email@example.com>
PAR has a mailing list, <firstname.lastname@example.org>, that you can write to; send an empty mail to <email@example.com> to join the list and participate in the discussion.
Please send bug reports to <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
Copyright 2002, 2003 by Autrijus Tang <email@example.com>.
Neither this program nor the associated parl program impose any licensing restrictions on files generated by their execution, in accordance with the 8th article of the Artistic License:
"Aggregation of this Package with a commercial distribution is always permitted provided that the use of this Package is embedded; that is, when no overt attempt is made to make this Package's interfaces visible to the end user of the commercial distribution. Such use shall not be construed as a distribution of this Package."
Therefore, you are absolutely free to place any license on the resulting executable, as long as the packed 3rd-party libraries are also available under the Artistic License.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.